What is Toxicology?

This refers to the scientific study of the side effects in animals that are caused by chemicals. In most cases, this procedure comprises of observing and reporting various factors to realize the best results. Some of the main ones including mechanisms, symptoms, detection and the treatment provide for toxic substances use.

More so, it often comprises of environmental factors and chemical compounds that are available in nature, along with pharmaceutical products that are developed in the labs. These substances might produce significant side effects in organisms including compromising growth patterns, disease, and discomfort among many other factors. The dosage of the substance used is a key factor in toxicology since it plays a notable role in the side effects experienced by the individual. In fact, it is the main method of categorizing the toxicity levels of the chemicals, since it quantifies the amount of the chemical and its exposure levels as well. Most substances have the potential of being toxic when delivered to living organisms in the appropriate conditions. One common term used in toxicology would be the `LD50`, which refers to a substance that displays toxicity in that it eliminates as much as 50percent of the text population. Generally, rats and other animals are used to test the toxicity levels of data.

Branches of toxicology

There are several aspects of toxicology, otherwise known as subspecialties or subdisciplines. Some of the main ones including toxicogenomics, chemical toxicology, clinical toxicology and aquatic toxicology among many others

Chemical Toxicology

This refers to a branch of toxicology that is focused on the structure of chemical agents and the side effects of the mechanism of action of animals. It is a multi-discipline approach that comprises of synthetic and computational chemistry procedures. Besides that, some of the fields that are specialized in this case include drug discovery, metabolomics, proteomics and bioinformatics among many others. This procedure is dependent on technological innovation that is used to understand the chemical aspects of toxicology much better.

Toxicology and Pharmacology Differences

While these two fields might share a host of similar characteristics, they also have their notable differences. Toxicology and pharmacology are both studies that are concerned with the study of chemical properties and their side effects on the body. Pharmacology is primarily concerned with therapeutic side effects of pharmaceutical products and how they can be utilized for optimal medical results. More so, toxicology is also closely related to the notable side effects that occur in living organisms that come into contact with various chemicals. A toxicologist is more concerned with measuring the risk associated with using specific evaluation tools.


A toxicologist is someone who has studied toxicology and used chemicals and materials to determine the toxic side effects they have on living organisms and the environment. Individuals who prefer methodic and scientific fields might be best suited for careers in toxicology. The toxicologist may also specialize in one of the several branches of the field.